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AI image of the Roman Republic. Source: Alfaza503/Adobe Stock

SCIENCE & TECH: Visualizing Republican Rome’s Splendor (Video)

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Republican Rome, emerging from the ashes of monarchy, left a tangible legacy in the landscape of ancient Italy. With the expulsion of kings in 509 BC, Rome sought to carve its own identity. Temples like the Temple of Castor and the Temple of Saturn, dating back to the 5th century BC, stand as silent witnesses to this period of transition. The Campus Martius, notably the Villa Publica, serves as a testament to early Republican structures, showcasing the evolving civic architecture.

The conquest of neighboring cities, like Veii in 396 BC, marked Rome’s territorial expansion. The tumultuous sacking by the Gauls in 390 BC prompted Rome to fortify its defenses, resulting in the construction of the Servian Wall. Made primarily of tufa from Veii, this defensive barrier symbolized Rome’s resilience in the face of adversity.

Archaeological sites, such as Santa Maono, offer glimpses into the material culture of Republican Rome. Despite limited preservation, artifacts like the Columna Rostrata bear witness to Rome’s triumphs over adversaries like Antium.

The Via Appia, stretching southward, epitomized Rome’s ambition to control central Italy. Victories in the Samnite Wars and conflicts with Greek kingdoms further solidified Rome’s dominance. Victory temples, like those commemorating the Punic Wars, celebrated Rome’s conquests and underscored its growing power.

The 2nd century BC marked a period of unprecedented growth and innovation. Infrastructure projects, including aqueducts and basilicas, transformed Rome into a bustling metropolis. Marble temples, though still rare, signaled Rome’s evolving architectural prowess.

Top image: AI image of the Roman Republic. Source: Alfaza503/Adobe Stock

Robbie Mitchell





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