Ancient Settlement Network Found Mapped in Stone in Mexico

SCIENCE & TECH:
Ancient Settlement Network Found Mapped in Stone in Mexico

Archaeologists from the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) have actually verified the discovery of an ancient stone map sculpted into a volcanic rock in Colima, Mexico dating from in between 200 BC and 200 ADVERTISEMENT. Sculpted on the face of a 1.7 meter-high (5.77 feet) basalt volcanic rock, that had actually been ejected from an ancient eruption at the Colima volcano some 14 kilometers (8.7 miles) away, the map’s little sculpted circular functions reveal the position of ancient settlements. According to scientists, the map represents the territorial company within a group of native, Pre-Columbian, native settlements around Colima.

Personnel from the INAH Colima Center checking the freshly found Mexican stone map that precedes the Chanal or Postclassic Colimense stage (1000–1500 ADVERTISEMENT) (Image: Arqlgo. Rafael Platas Ruiz. INAH-Colima)

Ancient Mexican Map Stones and Why They Are Considerable

Julio Ignacio Martínez de la Rosa, head of the INAH, stated the significance and significance of the brand-new stone map was based upon “a research study of the styles and patterns in addition to a contrast to comparable petroglyphs discovered in the area.” The map consists of both orographic and hydrological functions. The sculpted hollows, representing in your area located towns, and a series of lines in between the ancient settlements were discovered to refer the geographical landscape of the southern slope of the Colima volcano, with gorges and rivers all plainly obvious.

Archaeologists identified that the context dating of the freshly found map does not refer the Chanal or Postclassic Colimense stage (1000–1500 ADVERTISEMENT). Rather, the brand-new map design is more carefully lined up with early burial places from the Late Pre-classic and Early Timeless durations in between 200 BC and 200 ADVERTISEMENT. Archaeologist Rafael Platas Ruiz stated these” map-stones” unquestionably assisted indigenous people to comprehend and help with the management of their area which they were a method of protecting understanding from one generation to another at a time when composing did not exist.


Petroglyph used as a 'stone-map' over two thousand years ago, in Colima. (Rafael Platas Ruiz / INAH-Colima)

Petroglyph utilized as a ‘stone-map’ over 2 thousand years earlier, in Colima. (Rafael Platas Ruiz/ INAH-Colima)

Analyzing Ancient Stone Maps to Discover Cosmological Beliefs

Rafael Platas Ruiz is understood for his extremely initial “interpretation of volcanic carved maps.” In January 2018, Ancient Origins reported on a mysterious stone pond found at 13,000 feet on the side of Iztaccihuatl volcano in Mexico, that Ruiz determined as a “1,000-year-old map of the universe.”

At the Iztaccihuatl volcano website, referred to as” Nahualac,” INAH archaeologists uncovered ornamental pieces of pottery with iconography related to therain god Tlaloc Furthermore, the particular positioning of the stones surrounding the 1,000- year-old spiritual structure shownmeso-American cosmological beliefs This led scientists to conclude that this ancient shrine might have been based upon the misconception of the mythological Earth beast,” Cipactli,” that drifted on primeval waters and after that divided itself in 2, producing paradise and earth.

Archaeologist recovers pottery at Nahualac site, Mexico. (Isaac Gómez, cortesía Proyecto Arqueológico Nahualac, SAS-INAH.)

Archaeologist recuperates pottery at Nahualac website, Mexico. ( Isaac Gómez, cortesía Proyecto Arqueológico Nahualac, SAS- INAH)

Pre-1600 Manuscripts Shed New Light on Pre-Hispanic Signs

The 2 ancient maps pointed out above explain the designs of ancient societies and cosmo-mythological worlds. A 2016 Smithsonian post explains another invaluable Mexican map: the digitized 400- Year-Old” Codex Quetzalecatzin ,” going back to the late 1500 s that was gotten by the Library of Congress. Considered as among the most essential making it through Mesoamerican manuscripts from the 16 th century, the Codex Quetzalecatzin is a colorized map exposing in-depth insights into life in Mesoamerica throughout the duration of early Spanish colonization, including pre-Hispanic symbols for rivers, roadways and paths.


Less than 100 showed pre-1600 Mesoamerican manuscripts exist today, and for this factor the Codex Quetzalecatzin records a fundamental part of Mexican history by “capturing” the very first interactions in between Mesoamerican and European cultures. According to manager John Hessler in a blog post on the codex for the Library of Congress , “Codices such as these are critical primary source documents,” detailing the history and ethnography throughout the earliest durations of contact in between Europe and individuals of the Americas.

Given that ancient maps provide essential hints into how various cultures stemmed, and eventually how cultures incorporated and adjusted to one another, the discovery of the just recently translated volcanic rock map in Colima, dating from in between 200 BC and 200 ADVERTISEMENT, can truly be referred to as archaeologically substantial.

Leading image: The ancient stone map going back to 200 BC to 200 ADVERTISEMENT has actually been found in Colima, Mexico. Source: INAH

By Ashley Cowie

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